On the tail of cannabinoid research, terpenes are hitting the cannabis scene left and right, and to no surprise! These aroma and partial-flavor agents are what give Tangie its freshly peeled citrus scent and Granddaddy Purple its berry taste! Terpenes determine a strain’s unique scent and taste profile. Needless to say, they deserve the growing attention they are receiving.
Not exclusive to cannabis, there are over 140 different terpenes identified in fruits and plants. They are responsible for the crisp smell of a forest, the “hoppiness” of beer, and any spice you smell in the kitchen. For a single plant group, cannabis has an immense diversity of terpenes including some that are, in fact, distinctive to cannabis.
Cannabis terpenes are hydrocarbon compounds produced in trichomes – those pretty, tiny crystal hairs on cannabis flower and leaves. These trichomes also contain cannabinoids. Terpenes provide the plant protection from disease, repel harmful insects, and regulate light and temperature. They also contribute to the symbiotic “entourage effect” by improving cannabinoid absorption across the blood brain barrier and improving cannabinoid affinity to endocannabinoid receptors. On their own, terpenes also have the ability to affect neurotransmitters and are being researched for their potential therapeutic effects.
Do you know Lucky Turtle has developed cutting edge terpene extraction methods, and we take the extra time to execute these? It slows our processing down, but it makes our vape oils more special. We have tapped into the different types of trichomes that produce different levels of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes to create Lucky Turtle TrueTerps.
It gets even more impressive: Terpenes all have different gifts and effects. They can affect our mood, our stress response, and our mindset. These are our top terpenes to know about:
Limonene (monoterpene) – The citrus terpene. It is found in citrus fruit rinds, peppermint, and rosemary. This tart terpene uplifts mood and relieves stress by increasing our serotonin levels, the neurotransmitter also known as the “happy chemical.” Cannabis users report taking limonene to help with anxiety, depression, pain, and inflammation.
Myrcene (monoterpene) – Myrcene is musky, spicy, and earthy. It is found in mangoes, lemongrass, and thyme. Known as the “couch lock” terpene, it is best used for relaxing muscles and sedation. Users report taking for pain relief, insomnia, and reduced inflammation. Myrcene also enhances cell permeability and helps cannabinoids absorb more quickly and efficiently, intensifying your high.
Pinene (monoterpene) – You guessed it! It is in pine needles, dill, rosemary, and parsley. Pinene is an invigorating bronchodilator; it opens up the sinuses and boosts air flow into the lungs. Reported effects are alertness, focus, memory retention and users report feeling energized and creative.
Linalool (monoterpene) – Linalool is floral and sweet. Popular through its presence in lavender, it is widely used as a stress reliever, sleep aid, and for skin irritants. Users report linalool uplifts their mood, yet calms them down, and can help with anxiety, depression, pain, and inflammation.
Beta-caryophyllene (sesquiterpene) – One of our favorites, this terpene is peppery, woody, and spicy! It is found in spices like oregano, cinnamon, black pepper, and cloves. So far, scientists have discovered it is the only terpene to directly interact with the ECS, activating the CB2 receptors that regulate inflammation and pain. Studies also show beta-caryophyllene boosts immune system function in protecting the brain and body from disease. With analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, this terpene contributes to a body-buzz with reported relief in pain, anxiety, depression, and stress.
While a sativa and indica distinction can be a general guide in choosing a product for your desired effects, their differences primarily pertain to the physical appearance of the plant. You’ve learned there’s way more to it! As biochemical components of the plant, terpenes are a more reliable source when picking the right strain for your needs. Good for you for doing a little research that will serve your physical and psychological well-being! We like to live better too.
*These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and this content is not intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
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